based on one statement & two arguments Practice Questions Answers Test with Solutions & More Shortcuts

Directions:
In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between 'strong' arguments and 'weak' arguments. 'Strong' arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. 'Weak' arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question. Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument? Give answer
    (a) if only Argument I is strong
    (b) if only Argument II is strong
    (c) if either I or II is strong
    (d) if neither I nor II is strong
    (e) if both I and II are strong.

Question : 1 [N.I.F.T. (UG) 2013]

  • Statement:
  • Should school education be made the tree in India?
  • Argument :
  • I. Yes, this is the only way to improve the level of literacy.
  • II. No, it will add to the already heavy burden on the exchequer.

a) if only Argument I is strong

b) if only Argument II is strong

c) if either I or II is strong

d) if neither I nor II is strong

e) if both I and II are strong.

Answer: (b)

Argument I, is not strong because the word only makes the argument weak as it is not the only real and practical solution to improve the level of literacy.

Argument II, is strong as it describes the practical problem which may arise out of the decision of making education free in India.

Question : 2 [N.I.F.T. (UG) 2013]

  • Statement:
  • Should there be a complete ban on the manufacture of firecrackers in India?
  • Argument :
  • I. No, this will render thousands of workers jobless.
  • II. Yes, the firecracker manufacturers use child labour to a large extent.

a) if only Argument I is strong

b) if only Argument II is strong

c) if either I or II is strong

d) if neither I nor II is strong

e) if both I and II are strong.

Answer: (e)

Both the arguments refer to the practical consequences of the action mentioned in the statement and hence, are strong.

Question : 3 [Andhra Bank (PO) 2009]

  • Statement:
  • Should there be no examination up to Std IX in all the schools in India?
  • Argument :
  • I. No, students need to go through the process of giving examinations right from a young age.
  • II. Yes, this will help students to think laterally and achieve their creative pursuits.

a) if only Argument I is strong

b) if only Argument II is strong

c) if either I or II is strong

d) if neither I nor II is strong

e) if both I and II are strong.

Answer: (e)

Argument I is strong as school is the ground where we prepare for the future battles of life.

Argument II is strong as examinations kill our creativity, turning us all into mere clerks.

Question : 4 [S.B.I. (PO) 2009]

  • Statement:
  • Should the sale of tobacco products be restricted to only a few outlets in each city/town?
  • Argument :
  • I. Yes, this will substantially reduce the consumption of tobacco products.
  • II. No, those who want to purchase tobacco products should get them at convenient locations.

a) if only Argument I is strong

b) if only Argument II is strong

c) if either I or II is strong

d) if neither I nor II is strong

e) if both I and II are strong.

Answer: (a)

Argument I is strong as reduced tobacco consumption is desirable.

Argument II is weak as such convenience is not desirable.

Question : 5 [Canara Bank (PO) 2007]

  • Statement:
  • Should graduation be made minimum educational qualification for entry-level jobs in any public sector organization?
  • Argument :
  • I. Yes, graduates always perform better than non-graduates by virtue of their higher level of education.
  • II. No, there are quite a few people who cannot afford to remain unemployed till the completion of graduation and are capable of performing equally well as the graduate candidates.

a) if only Argument I is strong

b) if only Argument II is strong

c) if either I or II is strong

d) if neither I nor II is strong

e) if both I and II are strong.

Answer: (d)

Argument I is not necessarily true. Hence, it is weak.

Argument II deviates from the core issue. Hence, it is also weak.

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