based on statement & direction Practice Questions Answers Test with Solutions & More Shortcuts

Directions :

In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given. There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship.

Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as

  1. If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;
  2. If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;
  3. If both the statements I and II are independent causes;
  4. If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and
  5. If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Question : 1 [S.B.I.P.O. 2005]

  • I. A large number of people living in the low-lying areas have been evacuated during the last few days to safer places.
  • II. The Government has rushed in relief supplies to the people living in the affected areas.

a) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;

b) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;

c) If both the statements I and II are independent causes;

d) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes;

e) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Answer: (e)

Evacuating low - lying areas and rushing in relief to the affected areas

clearly indicates that floods have occurred in the area.

Question : 2 [Asstt, Manager, 2005]

  • I. The performance of most of the students in the final exam of class X in the schools run by the Government was excellent.
  • II. Many teachers of the Government schools left the school and joined private schools.

a) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;

b) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;

c) If both the statements I and II are independent causes;

d) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes;

e) If both statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Answer: (d)

The students of government schools performing well in the examinations and the teachers of government schools leaving their jobs to join private schools are two separate situations that must have been triggered by independent causes.

Question : 3 [Specialist Officer's 2006]

  • I. The employees of the biggest bank in the country have given an indefinite strike call starting from the third of the next month.
  • II. The employees of the Central Government have withdrawn their week-long demonstrations.

a) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;

b) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;

c) If both the statements I and II are independent causes;

d) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes;

e) If both statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Answer: (d)

The employees of a bank going on strike and the government employees calling off their protest seem to be two independent events that might have been triggered by individual causes.

Question : 4 [S.B.I.P.O. 2005]

  • I. The farmers have decided against selling their Kharif crops to the Government agencies.
  • II. The Government has reduced the procurement price of Kharif crops starting from last month to the next six months.

a) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;

b) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;

c) If both the statements I and II are independent causes;

d) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes;

e) If both statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Answer: (b)

The reduction in the procurement price of crops must have instigated the farmers not to sell their produce to government agencies.

Question : 5 [I.R.M.A. 2005]

  • I. There is a sharp decline in the production of oilseeds this year.
  • II. The Government has decided to increase the import quantum of edible oil.

a) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;

b) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;

c) If both the statements I and II are independent causes;

d) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes;

e) If both statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Answer: (a)

A sharp decline in oilseed production is bound to reduce oil supply and import of oil is the only means to restore the essential supply.

IMPORTANT verbal reasoning EXERCISES

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