based on one statement & two course of action Practice Questions Answers Test with Solutions & More Shortcuts

Directions :
In each of the following below is given a statement followed by two courses of action. Course of action is a step of administrative decidion to be taken for improvement, follow - up or futher action in regard to the problem, policy etc. On the basis of the information given the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the given suggested courses of action is/are logically worth pursuing.

Give answer
(a) If only I follows
(b) If only II follows
(c) I either I or II follows
(d) If neither I nor II follows
(e) If both I and II follow

Question : 1 [P.N.B. (PO) 2011]

  • Statement:
  • A number of school children in the local schools have fallen ill after the consumption of their subsidised tiffin provided by the school authority.
  • Courses of Action:
  • I. The tiffin facility of all schools should be discontinued immediate effect.
  • II. The Government should implement a system to certify the quality of tiffin provided by the school.

a) If only I follows

b) If only II follows

c) I either I or II follows

d) If neither I nor II follows

e) If both I and II follow

Answer: (b)

l is invalid because of being an extreme action.

II is a proper corrective measure.

Question : 2 [S.C.R.A. 2013]

  • Statement:
  • Heavy rains hit the state during October, just before the State Assembly elections, and caused heavy damage to standing crops in most parts of the state.
  • Courses of Action:
  • I. Elections should be postponed to give candidates the opportunity to campaign.
  • II. The Government should announce a relief package for those who are affected.

a) If only I follows

b) If only II follows

c) I either I or II follows

d) If neither I nor II follows

e) If both I and II follow

Answer: (e)

I follows because holding the elections at this juncture would render the exercise meaningless.

II follows for 'heavy damage'.

Question : 3 [P.N.B. (PO) 2011]

  • Statement:
  • An increasing number of graduates produced by Indian universities are unemployable.
  • Courses of Action:
  • I. Colleges and institutes of higher learning should be given greater autonomy to decide the course content.
  • II. World-class foreign universities should be encouraged to set up campuses in India.

a) If only I followsIf only II follows

b) If only II follows

c) I either I or II follows

d) If neither I nor II follows

e) If both I and II follow

Answer: (d)

None focuses on the real reason for unemployability.

Directions :
In each of the questions below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow - up or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.

Give answer
(a) If only I follows
(b) If only II follows
(c) I either I or II follows
(d) If neither I nor II follows
(e) If both I and II follow

Question : 4 [NABARD 2008]

    • Statement:
    • Cases of road accidents are increasing constantly, particularly in urban areas. 

  • Courses of Action:
  • I. Transport Authorities in the urban areas should impose stringent norms for the maintenance of vehicles.
  • II. Traffic police should severely punish those found to be violating traffic rules.

a) If only I follows

b) If only II follows

c) If either I or II follows

d) If neither I nor II follows

e) If both I and II follow

Answer: (b)

Poor maintenance of vehicles may lead to pollution but is seldom a cause of the accident.

Hence, I do not follow. But II follows as a violation of traffic rules is the chief cause of accidents.

Question : 5 [NABARD 2008]

    • Statement:
    • Despite the good economic progress of the country, a significant number of undernourished children have been observed in the rural parts of the country.

  • Courses of Action:
  • I. Government should increase Wealth Tax/ Income Tax and use that money for the upliftment of the deprived class.
  • II. The government should introduce schemes like free meals in primary schools and make primary education compulsory.

a) If only I follows

b) If only II follows

c) If either I or II follows

d) If neither I nor II follows

e) If both I and II follow

Answer: (e)

Both I and II follow, because providing nourishment to children needs money.

Also, making primary education compulsory is a step forward to tackle the problem of undernourishment.

IMPORTANT verbal reasoning EXERCISES

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