Indian Freedom Struggle I (1857 – 1917) Practice Questions Answers Test with Solutions

Question : 36

During which of the following movements, Vande Mataram became the theme song of the Indian National Movement?

a) Anti-Rowlatt Act Agitation

b) Champaran Sataygrah

c) Swadeshi Movement

d) Non-cooperation Movement

Answer: (c)

During Swadeshi Movement Vande Mataram became the theme song of the Indian National Movement. “Vande Mataram” was the national cry for freedom during the Indian independence movement. Large rallies, fermenting initially in Bengal, in the major metropolis of Calcutta, would work themselves up into a patriotic fervour by shouting the slogan “Vande Mataram”, or “Hail to the Mother(land)!”

Question : 37

Where did the Indian National Congress get divided into two wings moderates and extremists?

a) Calcutta Session 1911

b) Surat Session 1907

c) Lahor Session 1909

d) Karachi Session 1913

Answer: (b)

The extrimists wanted a strong resolution supporting their programme at the Benaras session. The moderates, on the other hand were not in favour of extending the movement beyond Bengal and were totally opposed to boycott of councils and similar associations.

Question : 38

Which of the Acts wrote an epitaph on the grave of the East India Company?

a) Act of 1892

b) Act of 1858

c) Act of 1861

d) None of these

Answer: (b)

The Government of India Act 1858 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It brought about fundamental changes in the character of Indian administration which was transferred from the East India Company to the crown by the queen’s proclamation of 1 Novemeber, 1858.

Question : 39

Who had chaired the Indian Education Commision in 1882?

a) W.W. Hunter

b) Macaulay

c) Sadler

d) None of these

Answer: (a)

In 1882, the Government appointed a commission under the chairmanship of W.W. Hunter to review the progress of education in the country since the Despatch of 1854. The Hunter Commission mostly confined itsrecommendationsto primary and secondary education.

Question : 40

Who compared Curzon’s administration in India to that of Aurangzeb?

a) Dadabhai Naoroji

b) Bal Gangadhar Tilak

c) Gopal Krishna Gokhale

d) Lala Lajpat Rai

Answer: (c)

Gopal Krishna Gokhale compared Curzon’s administratin in India to that of Aurangzeb.

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