ecology forest vegetations & national parks in india section 1 Practice Questions Answers Test with Solutions & More Shortcuts

Question : 1 [SSC CHSL 2014]

Biosphere Reserve of India Nanda Devi (UNESCO) is located in the state of

a) Meghalaya

b) Himachal Pradesh

c) Sikkim

d) Uttarakhand

Answer: (d)

The Nanda Devi National Park (Biosphere Reserve) is situated around the peak of Nanda Devi, in Uttarakhand. It was established in 1982. Along with the adjoining Valley of Flowers National Park, it was inscribed a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1988.

Question : 2 [IAS (Pre) 2010]

In India, which type of forest among the following occupies the largest area?

a) Tropical Moist Deciduous Forest

b) Tropical Wet Evergreen Forest

c) Sub-tropical Dry Evergreen Forest

d) Montane Wet Temperate Forest

Answer: (a)

Question : 3

Match the following;

List I List II
(Biosphere Reserve) (Places)
A. Manas 1. Meghalaya
B. Pachmarhi 2. Assam
C. Nokrek 3. Madhya Pradesh
D. Achanakmar Amarkantak 4. Chhattisgarh
Codes: A B C D

a) 2 1 3 4

b) 2 3 1 4

c) 4 1 3 2

d) 4 3 1 2

Answer: (b)

  • Manas - Assam
  • Pachmarhi – Madhya Pradesh
  • Nokrek – Meghalaya
  • Achanakmar Amarkantak – Chhattisgarh

Question : 4 [SSC CHSL 2015]

Which of the following species are critically endangered?

a) White bellied heron

b) The gyps Vulture

c) Forest Owlet

d) Gangetic Dolphin

Answer: (c)

The Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change lists Forest Owlet (Heteroglaux Blewitt) as one of the "critically endangered species" of India under the bird category.

It is found in the dry deciduous forest of South Madhya Pradesh, in northwest Maharashtra and north-central Maharashtra.

It has been endangered due to logging operations, burning and cutting of trees.

Question : 5 [SSC CPO 2008]

The Gir Forest is noted for its

a) Tiger sanctuary

b) Crocodile Park

c) Deer Park

d) Lion sanctuary

Answer: (d)

The Gir Forest National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary s the sole home of the pure Asiatic Lions (Panthera leo persica) and is considered to be one of the most important protected areas in Asia due to its supported species.

The April 2010 census recorded the lion count in Gir at 411, an increase of 52 compared to 2005. The lion breeding programme covering the park and the surrounding area has bred about 180 lions in captivity since its inception.

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