statement and conclusion Model Questions & Answers, Practice Test for ibps rrb po prelims

Question :1

Statement :
The cost of manufacturing cars in state A is 30 per cent less than the cost of manufacturing cars in state B. After transportation fee for the differential distances of states A and B and the interstate taxes, it is cheaper to manufacture cars in state B than in state A for selling these cars in State C.
Which of he following supports the conclusion draw in the above statement?

Answer: (b)

Only this can balance the equation.

Question :2

Statement :
There was a slow decline in the number of patients with flu-like symptoms visiting various health facilities in the city during the last fortnight.
Which of the following substantiates the fact mentioned in the above statement?

Answer: (e)

All the given choices would lead to an increase in the number of visits to health facilities.

Directions:

In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.

  • Give answer (a) if only conclusion I follows.
  • Give answer (b) if only conclusion II follows.
  • Give answer (c) if either I or II follows.
  • Give answer (d) if neither I nor II follows.
  • Give answer (e) if both I and II follows.
Question :3

Statement :
During 1997-98 the total loss incurred by the 111 Public Sector Units was to the tune of ` 6809 crore, which was converted into paid capitals by the Government of its total investment of ` 5129 crore.


Conclusions :
I : The Government is left with only one option that is to privatise these units.
II : The Government did not take care in the matter of investments in these public sector units.

Answer: (d)

Considering the amount of loss incurred by Public Sector Units it seems to be true that the Government did not take care in the matter of investment in the Public Sector Units. The use of term "only" in the conclusion I makes it invalid.

Question :4

Statements :
Just about everyone in Germany has been on a diet at one time or the other and millions of them have learned that the weight they lose is all too easily regained.
Still' despite their frustration, few question the wisdom of dieting.


Conclusions :
I. Germany should stop dieting.
II. Germans do not learn from experience.

Answer: (c)

Nothing of the sort can be concluded as given in two conclusions on the basis of the statements.

Question :5

Statement :
Global ecological issues have eclipsed local environmental problems which are being faced by the poor societies.


Conclusions :
I. Poor societies always have to suffer because of their poverty.
II. Global ecological issues are not so important. Rich societies can bear with it.

Answer: (c)

The statement does not say why the poor societies suffer. Hence I does not follow. II also does not follow because the statement merely states a fact; it does not look into the merits of the fact.

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