Practice Verbal reasoning - verbal reasoning Online Quiz (set-2) For All Competitive Exams

Q-1)   In a class, among the passed students Neeta is 22nd from the top and Kalyan, who is 5 ranks below Neeta is 34th from the bottom. All the students from the class have appeared for the exam. If the ratio of the students who passed in the exam to those who failed is 4 : 1 in that class, how many students are there in the class?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

Explanation:

Neeta is 22nd from the top and Kalyan is 22 + 5 = 27th from the top and 36th from the bottom who passed the examination. Therefore, total number of students who passed the examination.

= 27 + 36 – 1 = 72

Therefore, total number of students in the class

= ${72}/4$ × 5 = 90


DIRECTIONS:

Below in each question are given two statements (A) and (B). These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement.

Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choice correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.

Mark your answer from the below given choice;
  1. If statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
  2. If statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is the effect.
  3. If both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
  4. If both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.
  5. If both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of some common cause.

Q-2)   Statements (A):
Heavy downpour with high-velocity wind is probable in the coastal areas in next twenty four hours.
Statements (B):
A soap manufacturing company increased its production by more than 100 in the last month.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

Explanation:

Both B and B are effects of independent causes. Manufacturing of soaps or increase in its production has no relationship (as mentioned) with the coastal environment. Hence, option 5).


Directions: In the following questions, The three words given with some common relationship among themselves. Out of the four given alternatives, Choose that alternative as your answer which is similar to the given optianal words.

Q-3)   Rice : Wheat : Maize

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Explanation:

All are food crops.


Q-4)   There are twenty people working in an office. The first group of five works between 8.00 A.M. and 2.00 P.M. The second group of ten works between 10.00 A.M. and 4.00 P.M. And the third group of five works between 12 noon and 6.00 P.M. There are three computers in the office which all the employees frequently use. During which of the following hours the computers are likely to be used most?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Explanation:

Clearly, the computers would be used most when all the three groups are working simultaneously and this happens during the period 12 noon to 2 p.m.


Directions:

In a certain code, the letters of English alphabet (consonants and vowels) are coded as given for some words. The numeric code for each letter is given in bracket under coded form and corresponds to the letter in the word in the same serial order. Study the coded forms of the given words and find out the rules for their codification.

Applying those rules, answer the questions that follow in two sets.

Word Coded Form
SEAT [5] [15] [15] [5]
CUT [5] [10] [5]
ONE [0] [5] [0]
DEEP [5] [20] [20] [5]
POUR [5] [15] [15] [5]
PIN [5] [10] [5]
NONE [5] [25] [20] [5]
BOOK [5] [20] [20] [5]
OPEN [30] [5] [30] [5]
ATE [0] [5] [0]
PAGE [5] [25] [5] [25]
UNIT [30] [5] [30] [5]

In questions, find out the coded form of each of the given words.

[S.B.I.P.O. 2003]

Q-5)   DOSE

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

Explanation:

[5] [25] [5] [25] by Rule VI


Directions:

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Eight friends P, Q, R, S, T, U, V and W are sitting around a circular table for lunch. Each person has a different birthplace, viz Noida, Jaipur, Patna, Mumbai, Punjab, Delhi, Goa and Madurai, but not necessarily in the same order.

The person born in Jaipur sits third to the right of V.R is an immediate neighbour of V. The person born in Mumbai sits second to the right of R. Q sits third to the right of W. W's birthplace is neither Jaipur nor Mumbai. Only one person sits between R and the person whose birthplace is Patna. P and U are immediate neighbours of each other. Neither P's nor U's birthplace is Jaipur. The person born in Madurai sits second to the right of P. Two persons sit between S and the person born in Punjab. S is not from Jaipur. The person born in Noida is not an immediate neighbour of the person born in Jaipur. The person born in Delhi sits second to the left of P.

Q-6)   Who among the following is from Goa?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

image


Directions:

In a certain code, the letters of English alphabet (consonants and vowels) are coded as given for some words. The numeric code for each letter is given in bracket under coded form and corresponds to the letter in the word in the same serial order. Study the coded forms of the given words and find out the rules for their codification.

Applying those rules, answer the questions that follow in two sets.

Word Coded Form
SEAT [5] [15] [15] [5]
CUT [5] [10] [5]
ONE [0] [5] [0]
DEEP [5] [20] [20] [5]
POUR [5] [15] [15] [5]
PIN [5] [10] [5]
NONE [5] [25] [20] [5]
BOOK [5] [20] [20] [5]
OPEN [30] [5] [30] [5]
ATE [0] [5] [0]
PAGE [5] [25] [5] [25]
UNIT [30] [5] [30] [5]

In questions, find out the coded form of each of the given words.

[S.B.I.P.O. 2003]

Q-7)   SIP

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

Explanation:

Rule IV


Q-8)   Looking at a photograph a person said “I have no brother or sister but that man’s father is my father’s son”. At whose photograph was the person looking at ?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Explanation:

Only son of woman’s grandfather means the father of woman.

Man’s brother’s father is the father of that woman.

Therefore, the woman is sister of that man


Q-9)   P, Q, R and S are four males. P is the eldest in the group but he is not the poorest, R is the richest but not the eldest, Q is elder than S but he is not elder than P or R, P is richer than Q but he is not richer than S. How the four persons can be arranged in decreasing order of their age and money?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Explanation:

Decreasing order (agewise)

P > R > Q > S

Decreasing order (moneywise)

R > S > P > Q


DIRECTIONS:

Below in each question are given two statements (A) and (B). These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement.

Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choice correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.

Mark your answer from the below given choice;
  1. If statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
  2. If statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is the effect.
  3. If both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
  4. If both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.
  5. If both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of some common cause.

Q-10)   Statements (A):
State Government has ordered immediate ban on airing of certain movie channels on television.
Statements (B):
A few social activists have come together and demanded ban on telecasting ‘Adult’ movies on television.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

Explanation:

It is the effort of the social activists which forced the government to take the initiative.

Hence, 'B' is the cause and 'A' is its effect.


Q-11)   Rama travels 10 km towards the north, turns left and travels 4 km and then again turns right and covers another 5 km and then turns right and travels another 4 km. How far is he from the starting point ?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Explanation:

direction-and-distance-verbal-reasoning

Required distance

= 10 + 5 = 15 km


Directions:

In each of these questions, four terms are given. While three of them are identical in some way, one is different from the rest. Select the odd one as your answer.

Q-12)   Fodder : Cattle : : ?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Explanation:

Here Diet-Animal relationship has been shown. Fodder is the food of cattle. Similarly, grass is food of horses


Directions:
In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between 'strong' arguments and 'weak' arguments.
    * 'Strong' Arguments must be both important and directly related to the question.
    * 'Weak' arguments may not be directly related to the question and may be of minor importance or may be related to the trivial aspects of the question.
    Each question below is followed by three arguments numbered I, II and III. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument?

Q-13)  
  • Statement:
  • Should smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol by the actors be completely banned in the movies in India?

  • Arguments:
  • I. Yes, this will significantly reduce the trend of smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol among the youth in India.
  • II. No, there should be no such ban on the creative pursuits of the filmmaker.
  • III. No, the films portray the society and hence such scenes should be an integral part of the movie if the storyline demands so.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

Explanation:

Argument I is strong because such a reduction in trend will be a desirable consequence.

Argument II is weak as it is silent as to what effect the ban will have on the creative pursuits.

Argument III is strong as a ban will take away from the power of the portrayal.


DIRECTIONS:

Based on informations given below. Read carefully and choose best alternatives.

In a playground five friends A, B, C, D and E are standing facing north in order as described below.

  1. B is standing at the right of D at distance of 50 m.
  2. A is standing in the south direction of B at 60 m distance.
  3. 'C' is in the west of 'D' at the distance of 40 m.
  4. 'E' is in the north of A at 80 m distance

Q-14)   How many distance is between C and E?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Explanation:

direction-and-distance

EC = $√{(CB)^2 + (BE)^2}$ = $√{(90)^2 + (20)^2}$

= $√{8100 + 400}$ = $√{8500}$ = 92m (near about)


Q-15)   Pointing to Priya, father of Pritu says, " She is the daughter of the daughter of the wife of the only son of the grandfather of my sister." How is Sushma related to Priya if Sushma is the sister of Pritu?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

image


Q-16)   Sonia started from her house and travelled 4 km towards east. Then she turned left and travelled 6 km. Then she turned right and travelled 4 km. Now at what distance is she from starting point ?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Explanation:

direction-and-distance-verbal-reasoning

Required distance

AD = $√{AE^2 + DE^2}$

= $√{8^2 + 6^2}$

= $√{64+ 36}$

= $√{100}$ = 10 km


Directions:
These are based on a set of conditions in answering some of the questions, it may be useful to draw a rough diagram. Choose the response that most accurately and completely answers each questions.

In a local pen store, seven pupples wait to be introduced to their new owners. The pupples named as Ashlen, Blackey, Custard, Daffy, Earl. Fala and Gabino are all kept in two available pen. Pen 1, holds three puppies and pen 2 holds four puppies.
    I. If Gabino is kept in pen 1, then Daffy is not kept in pen 2.
    II. If Daffy is not kept in pen 2, then Gabino is kept in pen 1.
    III. If Ashlen is kept in pen 2, then Blackley is not kept in pen 2.
    IV. If Blackley is kept in pen 1, then Ashlen is not kept in pen 1.

[X.A.T. 2010]

Q-17)   Which of the following group of puppies could be in pen 2?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

Explanation:

Option (a) is incorrect as Gabino and Daffy must be in same pen.

Option (b) is incorrect as Blackley and Ashlen cannot be together in pen 2.

Option (c) is incorrect as Gabino and Daffy must be in same pen.

Option (d) is correct as it fulfils all the given conditions.

Option (e) is incorrect as Gabino and Daffy must be in same pen.


DIRECTIONS:

Given below are pairs of events 'A' and 'B'. You have to read both the events 'A' and 'B' and decide their nature of relationship.

You have to assume that the information given in 'A' and 'B' is true and you wil l not assume anything beyond the given information in deciding the answer.

Mark your answer from the below given choice;
  1. If 'A' is the effect and 'B' is its immediate and principal cause.
  2. If 'A' is the immediate and principal cause and 'B' is its effect.
  3. If 'A' is an effect but 'B' is not its immediate and principal cause.
  4. If 'B' is an effect but 'A' is not its immediate and principal cause.
  5. None of these

Q-18)   Event (A):
The Centre advised the Indian Hockey Federation (IHF) against participation in the Sultan Azlan Shah tournament to be held in Ipoh, Malaysia.
Event (B):
Indian IT professionals in Malaysia faced harassment and were meted out ill-treatment by the Malaysian police.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

Explanation:

Here event (A) is the effect because the advice given to IHF is due to the harassment Indian professionals were meted out by the Malaysian police.


Directions:

In each of the following questions, select the related word from the given alternatives.

Q-19)   Stethoscope : Heartbeat :: ? : Temperature

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Explanation:

Stethoscope is a scientific instrument which measures heartbeat. Similarly, Thermometer measures temperature.


Directions:

Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follows.

There are six women, Shalini, Divya, Ritu, Rashmi, Nisha and Renu in a family of twelve members. There are few married couples in the family and none of the grandchildren are married. Sunil is married into the family. Rohan, Mahesh and Jatin have a nephew Dipesh who is the only son of Rashmi. Ravi is the paternal grandfather of Nisha. Ritu is the daughter-in-law of Shalini. Renu is the first causin of Dipesh. Shalini has only three Grandchildren. Mahesh has two brothers and Shalini. Renu only one sister Rashmi and a sister-inlawDivya. Dipesh's only unmarried maternal uncle, Jatin is the brother-in-law of Sunil. Rohan is the paternal uncle of the Nisha. Ritu has two daughters one of whom is Nisha.

Q-20)   Which one of the following is a married couple ?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Explanation:

Mahesh and Ritu is the married couple.

image


Directions:

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow :

In the diagram below, the circle stands for ‘educated’, square stands for ‘hardworking’, triangle for ‘urbanpeople’ and rectangle for ‘honest’. The different regions of the diagram are numbered from 1 to 12. Study the diagram carefully and answer the questions:

logical-venn-diagram-verbal-reasoning-competitive-exam-mcq-6-35-q14

Q-21)   Non-urban educated people who are neither hard-working nor honest are indicated by:

logical venn diagram verbal reasoning competitive exam mcq 6 35 q14

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Explanation:

Non-urban educated people who are neither hardworking nor honest means, figure only belongs by circle i.e., 7.


Directions:

Read the following information and answer the questions that follow:

There are five boys Alok, Bunty, Chetan, Dinesh and Kailash, two are good, one is poor and two are average in studies. Two of them study in postgraduate classes and three in undergraduate classes. One comes from a rich family, two from middle-class families and two from poor families. One of them is interested in playing, two in singing and one in reading. Of those studying in undergraduate classes, two are average and one is poor in studies. Of the two boys interested in singing, one is a postgraduate student. The one interested in playing comes from a middle-class family. Both the boys interested in singing are not industrious. The two boys coming from middle-class families are average in studies and one of them is interested in singing. The boy interested in reading comes from a poor family, while the one interested in playing is industrious. Kailash is industrious, good in studies, comes from a poor family and is not interested in singing, playing or reading. Chetan is poor in studies in spite of being industrious. Alok comes from a rich family and is not industrious but is good in studies. Bunty is industrious and comes from a middle-class family.

Q-22)   Name the boys studying in post-graduate classes.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

Explanation:

PersonsDepartmentsScalePersonsDepartmentsScale
KailashPoorxPGGoodIndustrious
AlokRichSingingPGGoodNot Industrious
BuntyMiddlePlayingUGAverage Industrious
DineshMiddleSingingUGAverageNot Industrious
ChetanPoorReadingUGPoorIndustrious


Q-23)   In a class of 20 students, Alisha's rank is 15th from the top. Manav is 4 ranks above Alisha. What is Manav's rank from the bottom ?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

Explanation:

Manav's rank from the top = 15 – 4 = 11th.

Manav's rank from the bottom

= 20 + 1 – 11 = 10th


Directions:
In each of the following questions, there are two statements labelled as Assertion (A) and Reason (R) . Give answer
    (a) If both 'A' and 'R' are true and 'R' is the correct explanation of 'A'
    (b) If both 'A' and 'R' are true but 'R' is not the correct explanation of 'A'
    (c) If 'A' is true but 'R' is false
    (d) If 'A' is false but 'R' is true
    (e) If both 'A' and 'R' are false.

Q-24)  
  • Assertion (A):
  • Ashoka pillars have retained their gloss on their surface.

  • Reason (R):
  • Moisture-laden winds do not blow in the areas where it is located.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

Explanation:

Because of superior quality material being used, Ashoka pillars have retained their gloss on their surfaces.

Hence, R is completely false.


Directions:

In these questions, there are four groups of letters, words or numbers listed as a, b, c and d. One of the groups does not belong to the same category as others. Find the odd one out.

Q-25)   64 : ? : : 72 : 53

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Explanation:

7 + 2 = 9

5 +3 = 8

9 – 8 = 1

6 + 4 = 10

10 – 9 = 1

So first ratio :

5 + 4 = 9


Q-26)   A, B are married couple. X and Y are brothers. X is the brother of A. how is Y related to B?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Explanation:

A and B are husband and wife. Since X & Y are brothers and X is the brother of A, Y is also the brother of A. Thus, Y is the brother-in-law of B.


DIRECTIONS:

In each question be low is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give your answer as;

  1. if only assumption I is implicit.
  2. if only assumption II is implicit.
  3. if either I or II is implicit.
  4. if neither I nor II is implicit.
  5. if both I and II are implicit.

Q-27)   Statement:
“Strict action would be taken against the Municipal Corporation of Delhi employees if found guilty of connivance in illegal encroachments.”
— The new Municipal Commissioner.
Assumptions:
I. Some employees of MCD indulge in corruption.
II. The warning given by Municipal Commissioner will minimise corruption.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

Explanation:

Whenever a warning of this sort is given, the following assumptions are implicit: I. There is something foul in the air; there can be no smoke without fire; and II. The warning will have a positive effect in checking the problem.


DIRECTIONS:

In each question be low is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give your answer as;

  1. if only assumption I is implicit.
  2. if only assumption II is implicit.
  3. if either I or II is implicit.
  4. if neither I nor II is implicit.
  5. if both I and II are implicit.

Q-28)   Statement:
There are lessons to be learnt even in defeats.
Assumptions:
I. Some people do not take their defeats seriously.
II. The people who learn in their defeat may become successful in future.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

Explanation:

Taking defeat seriously and taking lessons from the defeat are two different matters.

Hence I is not implicit. Why do we need to take lessons from our defeat? The answer clearly is to be successful in future.

Hence II is implicit.


Directions:

In each of these questions, various terms of a series are given with one term missing as shown by (?). Choose the missing term :

Q-29)   240, ...? 120, 40, 10, 2

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Explanation:

Ratios of two consecutive terms are 1, 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, and 1/5 respectively.


Q-30)   In a certain code CHANDIGARH is written as DNAHCHRAGI. How is SIKKIM written in that code ?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

image