statement conclusion Model Questions & Answers, Practice Test for ssc cgl tier 1 (2022)

Directions:
In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.

Give your answer:

  1. If only conclusion I follows;
  2. If only conclusion II follows;
  3. If either I or II follows;
  4. If neither I nor II follows; and
  5. If both I and II follow.
Question :1

  • Statement:
  • This book 'Z' is the only book that focuses its attention on the problem of poverty in India between 1950 and 1980.
  • Conclusions:
  • I. There was no question of poverty before 1950.
  • II. No other book deals with Poverty in India from 1950 to 1980.

Answer: (b)

The phrase 'only book' in the statement makes II implicit.

However, nothing about the state of poverty before 1950 can be deduced from the statement. So, Conclusion I do not follow.

Question :2

  • Statement:
  • Only good singers are invited to the conference. No one without a sweet voice is a good singer.
  • Conclusions:
  • I. All invited singers at the conference have a sweet voice.
  • II. Those singers who do not have a sweet voice are not invited to the conference.

Answer: (e)

The statement asserts that a good singer always has a sweet voice and only good singers are invited to the conference.

This implies that all those invited to the conference have a sweet voice and those who do not have a sweet voice are not invited. So, both I and II follow.

Question :3

  • Statement:
  • No country is absolutely self - dependent these days.
  • Conclusions:
  • I. It is impossible to grow and produce all that a country needs.
  • II. Countrymen in general have become lazy.

Answer: (a)

Clearly, only I provide a suitable explanation for the given statement.

So, only I follow the conditions.

Question :4

  • Statement:
  • Until our country achieves economic equality, political freedom and democracy would be meaningless.
  • Conclusions:
  • I. Political freedom and democracy go hand in hand.
  • II. Economic equality leads to real political freedom and democracy.

Answer: (b)

Nothing about the relation between political freedom and democracy is mentioned in the statement.

So, I do not follow. But II directly follows from the given statement.

Question :5

  • Statement:
  • For over three decades company X has been totally involved in energy conservation, its efficient use, and management.
  • Conclusions:
  • I. The company has yet to learn and acquire basic things in this area.
  • II. It is the dedication that is more important than knowledge and expertise.

Answer: (d)

Since the company has been working in this area for three decades, it must have the necessary expertise and infrastructure required in this field. So, I does not follow.

However, the qualities that have made the company X successful in this field have not been mentioned. So, II also does not follow.

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