Union Government [legislature & Executive] Practice Questions Answers Test With Solutions

Question : 1

Consider the following statement :

  1. The President cannot function without the Union Council of Ministers.
  2. The Solicitor-General is the highest legal authority of the Union Government.
  3. The Union Council of Ministers can function for sometime even after the death or resignation of the Prime minister.
  4. In the absence of the Prime Minister, only the Home Minister can preside over emergency meetings of the Union Council of Ministers.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 3 and 4

b) 1, 2 and 4

c) Only 1

d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Answer: (c)

The Constitution Provides for a Council of Ministers to aid and advise the President in the exercise of his functions. (Art 74).

Question : 2 [IAS-2017]

Out of the following statements, choose the one that brings out the principle underlying the Cabinet form of Government:

a) A mechanism for speeding up the activities of the Government whose responsibilities are increasing day by day.

b) A mechanism of parliamentary democracy for ensuring collective responsibility of the Government to the people.

c) An arrangement for minimizing the criticism against the Government whose responsibilities are complex and hard to carry out to the satisfaction of all.

d) A device for strengthening the hands of the head of the Government whose hold over the people is in a state of decline.

Answer: (a)

Ref: NCERT Class 9: Democratic Politics: Chapter 5: Working of the institutions, page 87.

Since it is not practical for all ministers to meet regularly and discuss everything, (hence) the decisions are taken in Cabinet meetings. That is why parliamentary democracy in most countries is often known as the Cabinet form of government.

Hence “A” is the answer.

Question : 3 [SSC Tax Asst 2008]

Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the Lists:

List I List II
A. Member of Parliament 1. Elected by an Electoral College
B. President 2. Elected by the Parliament
C. Vice-President 3. Elected by the Lok Sabha
D. Speaker 4. Elected by adult voting
Code : A B C D

a) 4 1 2 3

b) 3 4 1 2

c) 1 2 3 4

d) 2 3 4 1

Answer: (a)

  • Member of Parliaments is directly elected by citizens of India on the basis of Universal Adult franchise, except two who are appointed by the President of India.
  • The President of India is elected, from an Electoral College comprising a group of nominees, by the elected members of the Parliament of India (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) as well as of the state legislatures (Vidhan Sabhas).
  • The Vice President is elected indirectly by an electoral college consisting of members of both houses of the Parliament.
  • Members of the Lok Sabha elect their Speaker in the first meeting of the House after a general election.

Question : 4

The executive power is vested in the President but it is actually used by him on the advice of :

a) the Prime Minister

b) Parliament

c) the Council of Ministers

d) None of the above

Answer: (c)

Question : 5 (CDS 2016-I

Which of the following statements regarding Rajya Sabha is/are correct?

  1. The maximum Permissible strength of the Rajya Sabha is 250
  2. In Rajya Sabha, 238 members are elected indirectly from the States and Union Territories.
  3. It shares legislative powers equally with Lok Sabha in matters such as the creation of All India Services
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

a) 1, 2 and 3

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 2 only

d) 1 only

Answer: (a)

The Constitution lays down 250 as the maximum strength of the Rajya Sabha, out of which 12 are nominated by the President from among persons who have achieved distinction in literature, art, science and social services.

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