Union Government [legislature & Executive] Practice Questions Answers Test With Solutions

Question : 21 [SSC CGL Tire-1 2002]

How are legislative excesses of Parliament and Assemblies checked?

a) General elections

b) Judicial review

c) Intervention from President/ Governor

d) No Confidence motions

Answer: (b)

Judicial review is the doctrine under which legislative and executive actions are subject to review (and possible invalidation) by the judiciary.

Specific courts with judicial review power must annul the acts of the state when it finds them incompatible with a higher authority (such as the terms of a written constitution).

Judicial review is an example of the separation of powers in a modern governmental system (where the judiciary is one of three branches of government).

Question : 22

The legislative powers of the President include all the following but:

a) the power-to summon or prorogue the Houses of Parliament

b) the power of nominating 12 members to the Lok Sabha

c) the power to summon a joint sitting of the Houses to resolve a deadlock

d) the right to address either House at any time and it requires the attendance of members for this purpose

Answer: (b)

Question : 23

The Speaker of Lok Sabha is elected by

a) the members of the majority party in the Lok Sabha

b) all the members of Lok Sabha

c) all the members of Parliament

d) the people directly

Answer: (c)

The Speaker is the presiding officer of the lower house of Parliament of India.

Question : 24

Before entering his office the President of India has to make and subscribe to an oath or affirmation. In this oath or affirmation he swears:

  1. To faithfully execute the office
  2. To preserve, protect and defend the constitution and the law 
  3. To devote himself to the service and well-being of the people of India.
Which one of the contents of the oath or affirmation given above is correct?

a) 2 and 3 only

b) 1 and 3 only

c) 1 and 2 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer: (d)

The President of India in his oath or affirmation swears to faithfully execute the office, to preserve and protect constitution law and to devote himself to the service of the people of India.

The President is required to make and subscribe in the presence of the Chief Justice of India (or in his absence, the senior-most Judge of the Supreme Court), an oath or affirmation that he/she shall protect, preserve and defend the Constitution.

Question : 25

The guardian of fundamental rights is

a) Executive

b) Parliament

c) Judiciary

d) None of above

Answer: (c)

Judiciary is the guardian of fundamental rights.

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