basics of hardware & software Topic-wise Practice Test, Examples With Solutions & More Shortcuts

basics of hardware & software & IT'S TYPES

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basics of hardware & software Topic-wise Types, Definitions, Important fact & Techniques with Short Tricks & Tips useful for all competitive Examinations

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Jan 06, 2022, By Careericons

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What is a "Computer Hardware & Software"?

Computer Hardware refers to the physical components of a computer that can be seen and touched by the user. By the use of these hardware devices, it made very easy for the computer for processing its data, store and retrieve it. Hardware is one of the basic and necessary parts of a computer system.

Computer Software is a collection of computer programs and related data that provide the instructions for telling a computer what to do and how to do it. Software is an interface between the user and the computer hardware. It is responsible for controlling, integrating and managing the hardware components of a computer system and for accomplishing specific tasks.

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What are the important basic "Components of Computer Hardware"?

Basically, Computer Hardwares are classified into these 5 types of devices, which are given & explained briefly in the following table,

S.No Types of Computer Hardware Devices Definition Examples
1 Input Devices

An input device can be defined as an electro-mechanical device that allows the user to feed data into the computer for analysis and storage and to give commands to the computer.

The data is entered into the main memory through the input devices. They accept instructions from the user and convert the accepted instructions into the machine language.

Some of the commonly used input devices are keyboard, mouse, trackball, joystick, light pen, touch screen, barcode reader, OMR, OCR, MICR, smart card reader, biometric sensor, scanner, Mic, webcam, PC card etc.
2 Pointing Devices

A pointing device is used to communicate with the computer by pointing to the locations on the monitor.

Movements of the pointing device are echoed on the screen by movements of the pointer.

Some commonly used pointing devices are mouse, trackball, joystick, light pen, touch screen, etc.
3 Output Devices An output device is any piece of computer hardware equipment used to communicate the results of data processing carried out by an information processing to the outside world. Some of the commonly used output devices are monitor, printers, plotter, speaker, headphones, projector etc.
4 Both Input-Output Devices Few devices that give input and also show or get the output through same device. Some of the commonly used devices performs both Input-Output functions are Modems, Network cards, Touch Screen, Headset with Microphones, Facsimile (FAX) etc.
5 Input/Output (I/O)Port

The peripheral devices can be connected to computer in several ways.

Input/Output ports are the external interfaces that are used to connect input and output devices like printer, monitor and joystick to computer.

The I/O devices are connected to the computer via the serial and parallel ports, Universal Serial Bus (USB), firewire ports, etc.

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Explain "Computer Software & Its Types" with suitable examples?

Types of Software Software can be divided into two major categories,

  1. System software
  2. Application software

What is "System Software"?

It consists of several programs, which are directly responsible for controlling, integrating and managing the individual hardware components of a computer system. The System software also provides the interface between the user and components of the computer.

Depending on the functionality, the system software can be further divided into the following categories:

  1. Operating System,
  2. Device Drivers, &
  3. Language Translator.

What do you mean by "Application Software"?

It is computer software designed to help the user to perform single or multiple tasks. It is a set of instructions or programs designed for specific uses or applications, that enable the user to interact with a computer.

Application software is also called the end-user program. These programs do the real work for users.

There are two types of application software,

  1. General Purpose Software, &
  2. Specific Purpose Software.

These two software are also further classified into 7 types in each respectively. To read more click those links provided with proper explanations & examples.

Also, learn more about the topics by practising the MCQ test & live quiz with solutions based on these above topics. Which is very useful for all SSC, IBPS, IBPS RRB, BANK, RAILWAY & any other competitive exam preparations.


What are those important topics useful to learn more about "Computer Hardware & Software" completely, Explained in detail?

  1. Components of Computer Hardware,
  2. Types of Input Devices,
  3. Types of Pointing Devices,
  4. Types of Output Devices,
  5. Types of Both Input-Output Devices,
  6. Input/Output (I/O)Port,
  7. Types of Computer Software,
  8. System Utilities, &
  9. MCQ Exercises with Solved Answer Key & Explanations.

Click these above links, learn all individual topics with solved examples & practice MCQ useful for all SSC, IBPS, IBPS RRB, BANK, RAILWAY & any other competitive exam preparations.


Online Practice MCQ Test & Quiz for List of all various "Computer Awareness" Topics asked in various Competitive Exams with Examples PDF:

  1. Fundamental & Concepts Of Computer,
  2. Computer Security,
  3. Computer Acronyms & Abbreviation,
  4. Basics Of Hardware & Software,
  5. Input & Output Devices,
  6. Operating System,
  7. Software Concepts,
  8. Software Engineering,
  9. Data Structures & Algorithms,
  10. Computer Networks,
  11. Parallel Computing,
  12. Window Programming,
  13. Internet Awareness,
  14. Microsoft Windows Operating System,
  15. Microsoft Windows Keyboard Shortcuts,
  16. Microsoft Office Quiz,
  17. Microsoft Word,
  18. Microsoft Excel,
  19. Microsoft Powerpoint,
  20. Microsoft Access,
  21. Computer Memory,
  22. Database Management System (DBMS),
  23. Data Mining And Data Ware House, &
  24. Electronics Data Processing.

Click these above links and learn all individual types with solved examples & practice MCQ useful for all SSC, IBPS, IBPS RRB, BANK, RAILWAY & any other competitive exam preparations.

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